The year is 1912, the year in which Julia Margaret Turner-Schwab-Smith was born, August 16, in Iowa


1912 Detroit Electric  &  1912 Paris Fashions


Year 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1912

* January 1 - Establishment of Republic of China.
* January 4 - The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
* January 5 - Prague Party Conference.
* January 6 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state.
* January 8 - African National Congress is founded.
* January 17 - British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott and a team of four begin the second expedition to reach the South Pole.
* January 23 - The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.


* February 14 - Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state.

* March 1 - Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
* March 5 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines.
* March 7
o Roald Amundsen announces his success in reaching the South Pole.
o French aviator Henri Seimet makes the first non-stop flight from Paris to London in three hours.
* March 12 - The Girl Scouts of the USA are founded.
* March 16 - Lawrence Oates, dying member of Scott's South Pole expedition, leaves the tent saying, "I am just going outside and may be some time."
* March 27 - Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry blossom trees to be planted in Washington, D.C. to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
* March 30 - France establishes a protectorate over Morocco.

* April 10 - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic leaves Southampton, England on her first maiden voyage for New York City.
* April 11 - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic reachesQueenstown, Ireland(also known as Cobh today) by around 6:30 and picks up passengers so it can steam off towards New York City.
* April 14 - The British ocean liner RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean at 11:40 pm.
* April 15 - By 2:20a.m, the RMS Titanic sinks, taking with it 1500 lives.
* April 16
o Harriet Quimby becomes first woman to fly across the English Channel.
o The Royal Ontario Museum is established in Toronto, Ontario.
* April 17 - Solar eclipse in Europe.
* April 20
o Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens.
o Fenway Park, home of the Boston Red Sox, opens.

* May 5 - The 1912 Summer Olympics open in Stockholm, Sweden.
* May 6 - Suffrage parade in New York City,
* May 13 - In the United Kingdom, the Royal Flying Corps (forerunner of the Royal Air Force) is established.
* May 30 - Joe Dawson wins the second Indianapolis 500-Mile Race after Ralph DePalma's Mercedes breaks down within sight of the finish.


* June 4 - Fire in Constantinople - 1120 buildings destroyed
* June 5 - U.S. Marines land on Cuba
* June 6-June 8 - Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska
* June 8 - Carl Laemmle incorporated Universal Pictures.
* June 18 - The Republican National Convention nominates incumbent President William Howard Taft in Chicago, defeating a challenge by former President Theodore Roosevelt, whose delegates bolt the convention.
* June 25 - The Democratic National Convention nominates New Jersey Gov. Thomas Woodrow Wilson in Baltimore.


* July 19 - A meteorite with an estimated mass of 190 kg exploded over the town of Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona causing thousands of pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
* July 30 - Emperor Meiji of Japan, dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taisho. In Japanese History, the event marks the end of the Meiji era and the beginning of the Taisho era.


* August 1 - Inauguration of the Jungfraubahn
* August 5 - Dissident Republicans form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party, and nominate former President Theodore Roosevelt as their presidential candidate.
* August 11 - Sodomy becomes legal in France.
* August 12 - Sultan Abd Al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
* August 25 - Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party is founded.

March 7: Amundsen and South Pole
March 7: Amundsen and South Pole


* September 25 - Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism founded in New York, New York.


* October 8 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
* October 14 - While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot by saloonkeeper John Schrank. With a fresh flesh wound and the bullet still in him, Roosevelt delivers his scheduled speech.
* October 16
o Bulgarian pilots Radul Minkov and Prodan Toprakchiev perform the first bombing with an airplane in history at the railway station of Karaagac near Edirne against Turkey.
o The Boston Red Sox, assisted by a famous error, defeat the New York Giants in extra innings to win the 1912 World Series, in what is considered one of the greatest games of baseball ever played.


* November 5 - U.S. presidential election, 1912: Democratic challenger Woodrow Wilson wins a landslide victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft. Taft's base was undercut by Progressive Party candidate (and former Republican) Theodore Roosevelt, who finished second, ahead of Taft.
* November 7 - The Deute Ottoman Empire.
* November 28 - Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire.


* December - Piltdown Man presented in Britain.
* December 3 - First Balkan War ends temporarily - Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long war.


* Sea Scouting begins under the aegis of the Boy Scouts of America.
* Casimir Funk identifies vitamins.
* The American Little Theatre Movement begins with the founding of the Toy Theatre in Boston and the Little Theatre of Chicago
* "The Memphis Blues," is published.
* Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
* British treasure hunters try to drain Lake Guatavita to find gold – they find nothing.
* German trade unions have 3 million members.
* Scoville Unit devised and tested by Wilbur Scoville. Used to measure heat of peppers.


* Mexican Civil War